Mesorah Project VI

moshefeinstein.jpg

Thanks Jewish Side for sending this contribution to the Mesorah Project and for presenting an aspect of mesorah that is both earnest and open.

I believe teaching our children about Judaism is an important thing. But yet the beauty about passing down the mesorah from father to son, is that it is on a personal level. Every child has a different nature and therefore learns differently. What works for one child may not work for another. Therefore, in passing down the mesorah we have to understand our children’s personality and tailor the lesson so that they can understand it.

My little sister once said a brilliant line without even knowing it. It was shabbos day and I was playing a game of cards with her, while singing a song. Then my little sister says, “Jewish Side, stop singing!”. Meanwhile my older brother was singing too, so I asked my sister if she will tell my brother to stop singing too. She answered “No, He won’t listen, you listen so that’s why I told you to stop!”.

I’ve realized it works like that in chinuch too, where parents will discipline one child and not the other. It may seem unfair, but really it’s because the children have different natures and therefore practicing the same technique on two different children can have radically different results. A parent isn’t supposed to change a child’s nature but rather channel the character trait in a positive way.

I had been wondering why Hashem created teeth that don’t go in straight, why is it that many children need braces to fix their teeth? Then I realized, it’s the same concept. That maybe it can be a chinuch lesson, as though the teeth are children, and sometimes they don’t start off right, and might have “bad middos” but with proper chinnuch, and showing the right path, you can mold them to grow in straight again.

Now what do we teach our kids about Judaism? R’ Aharon Hersh Fried answers that in his article “Are our children too worldly?

I remember being taught in High School that “that the world out there is “dark, ominous, antagonistic to Torah values of ethics and morality, and generally void of values”. Then I came to college and was very surprised at how moral non-Jews can be. I took philosophy classes and was impressed at the questions non-Jews would come up with, and you were able to see they were good people too.

R’ Yaakov Kaminetzky was asked whether and how to teach evolution and he answered: “Pages in books should not be skipped, pasted together, or blacked out, as this only increases students’ curiosity about the subject”.

When I was taking a Jewish class in college, the professor brought up a controversial topic and asked me if I had learned the answer to it. I told her that I hadn’t learned about that topic in High School, and she said that she had learned it in school specifically so that she should know how to answer the people who have the question. As the Mishnah states: “Know what (you would answer a heretic,)” … you should know for yourself, so that your faith is strong in your heart, and you continue to strive daily at the gateway of Torah.

חנוך לנער על פי דרכו גם כי יזקין לא יסור ממנו (Educate a child in accordance with his ways, even when he grows older he will not stray from it.), Rav Hirsch explains that when we educate a child we must choose an approach which recognizes the “gam ki yazkin”; the life and the world the child will live in after he leaves our home. We must prepare him for dealing with this larger world.

R’ Hirsh is famous for his “Torah Im Derech Eretz” way of life. He explains that it is important for us to teach our children secular knowledge as well. Since Hashem gave knowledge to all people. If secular knowledge would not be taught, then instead of protecting the children, you will be doing the opposite. Children will believe they have been left in the dark and start to doubt all of Judaism.

R’ Moshe Feinstein says that when children are learning Gemara, they should be taught on a practical level. On how to apply it to life, so that the knowledge shouldn’t be compartmentalized, but rather Torah should be a part of their every day life. Where if faced with a situation, Torah should come to mind on how to proceed.

I was very lucky to attend a seminary where we had a Rabbi that taught us Halacha that pertained to every day life. Where you walked away from the lesson with interesting relevant information that you can apply to situations that came up. One interesting class was on Halachos of Gambling, and whether a Chinese auction is considered gambling.

We also had a class on “taamei Hamitzvos”, where we learned about the rationale of why we do certain mitzvos. In addition to learning from the sefer Hachnuch about the 613 mitzvos. Having these classes really meant a lot to me, helped me with my spirituality.

The Chazon Ish writes that it’s important for children to learn about Jewish History, since it gives them foundations for wisdom. If children were to learn Jewish History, they would have a greater appreciation for why certain practices would be uncalled for and wouldn’t label the Rabbi’s as “unthinking, or ignorant know-nothings”.

The Maharal says we have an obligation to know science. The Noda BiYehudah, his son R’ Shmuel as well as R’ Akiva Eiger all say to be careful to learn the language of the country we live in well and clearly, as clear language is a prerequisite to clear thinking.

I have always believed in “showing rather than hiding” to have the child know something is there and to teach them how to use it or not use it, rather than hiding it and the child finding it on their own and being put in danger.

Our children should be made aware of the existence of “low” and “high” culture in the world “out there.” They should be made aware that there are normative rules of propriety, of derech eretz, that no upstanding Gentile would violate.

When educating children it is important that they feel safe to ask questions. To not put them down for having questions, but rather let them ask it. Many times children who have questions and feel afraid to ask, get turned off of Judaism.

We must transmit Torah in a way that emphasizes the joy of life. Rebbe Moshe Feinstein writes that the reason many people in America who, in the early years of the twentieth century, sacrificed greatly in order to keep from desecrating the Shabbos, did not merit to see their children grow up as shomrei Shabbos was because though they conveyed to their children the required sacrifice of Shabbos, they failed to convey the joy and peace of mind that it brings. Torah learning and mitzvos that are not joyful cannot be transmitted to the next generation.

More contributions to the Mesorah Project can be found here.

Advertisements

18 thoughts on “Mesorah Project VI

  1. One comment however: the comment by the Noda biYehuda and his son and R’ Akiva Eiger seems to be a bit perplexing; one should one have to learn the vernacular of his country in order to think clearly, when one could just as well learn to think clearly in a particularist Jewish language? I’m suer then that these rabbis must have said more than what you indicated in your brief citation; could you please elaborate?

    (I give my own thoughts on speaking one’s country’s vernacular here, s.v. “IV.”)

    ———————————————————

    You speak of the importance of our children distinguishing between high and low culture. I cannot agree enough: I have a friend who, to this day, I have not been able to convince him to distinguish between the antisemitism of the UN and the lamentable materalism and sexualism of America on the one hand, and on the other hand (what is arguably) Western-influenced monogamy. That is to say, he says that since the Torah has polygny, and only the Ashkenazim formally banned polygny, therefore, monogamy is a Western value to be spurned along with the materialism and the antisemitism and the sexualism.

    I have another friend who had joined the Haredi bandwagon against so-called “Jewish rock”. He showed me a pamphlet of propaganda against this “Jewish rock”, and I’ll tell you, it was something, a real work of someone special. It included everything from 1950s scientific findings that rock music inhibits plant growth whereas classical music promotes, to racist discussion of how rock music originates from niggers and jungle bunnies and voodoo ritual and is therefore ipso facto evil. (I’ll tell you, it was incredible! This pamphlet, which had numerous haskamot, simply and bluntly said that rock music originates in “deep dark Africa” from the blacks, and it rested its case. The reader was apparently intended to naturally and spontaneously draw a conclusion from its black origin. I would have been disgusted, if I hadn’t been amazed beyond belief and amused beyond laughter at such idiocy.) But my friend wanted me to focus on something else therein: the testimony from many prominent gentiles that rock music is evil. After all, I was known as a Hirschian, so surely I must listen to these gentiles! But I wasn’t impressed, and my friend was taken aback. “But didn’t you say that we have to listen to the wisdom of the gentiles?”, he said, half astonishedly and half mockingly. I replied that frankly, I didn’t care whether Frank Sinatra thought rock was the music of the devil. I told him that Rav Hirsch’s point isn’t that we must blindly worship every utterance of the non-Jews. Rather, Rav Hirsch’s point is that just as we honor any true wisdom that comes from the lips of a Jew, so we honor any true wisdom that comes from a gentile’s; kabel et ha-emet mimi she-amrah. But just as we don’t accept falsehood from a Jew, so we don’t accept falsehood from a gentile either. My friend had taken Rav Hirsch’s view to a reductio ad absurdum, creating a straw man; in his mind, Rav Hirsch turned this aphorism of Hazal’s into some sort of idolatrous worship of gentiles.

    • About the language, it continues on to say:
      “If the rebbe was lacking in the language
      of logic, he was also perforce lacking in logic itself.”

      I will check out your link.

      Your friend seems to have a twisted way of looking at it. I do remember once learning about the Halacha of Polygamy, that in certain cases/certain ways it would be allowed. I don’t remember the details. But I remember it only works with a man taking more than one wife, and not the other way around.

      Oddly enough I remember hearing about the rock music inhibiting plant growth!

      Very interesting, to think people would take what R’ Hirsh said and take it to mean worshiping all gentile’s findings. But you are right, all it means is that we should look at the wisdom’s equally and not ignore something because it came from a non Jew.

  2. Jewish Side, you write well. Have you thought about going into teaching? You seem to love reading and attending shiurim, absorbing them, and then writing about them. Given your last post on Friday, you also have a trait many teachers unfortunately do not have; you can listen to your students.

    Even if you don’t pursue it as a career, there are some in our community that teach on the side, once a week on Shabbat. Just a thought. And I hope someday you will be a marvelous teacher for your own children, giving them each their individual needs.

    Thanks for participating in Ilana-Davita’s project.

    • Leora: Thank you!

      I actually haven’t thought about going into teaching, because I don’t think I would be able to stand in front of a class and speak. But I have “tutored” before, where I would teach one on one, I find that easier.

      Thank you so much!

      It sounds like a fun idea to give a lesson on shabbos or something.

      “I hope someday you will be a marvelous teacher for your own children, giving them each their individual needs.”
      Amen!

      Your welcome, I am glad to take part in it!

  3. You have written a very thought provoking post. It sums up how I feel. I was born into a non-observant home, however, now I am trying so hard to make up for what I was not taught.

    There is hope.

    Thank you.

    Melissa

    • Melissa: Thank You, I am glad you can relate, kudos to you for learning about Judaism and trying so hard.

      Yea, there is always hope. “If there is a will there’s a way”

      Your welcome!

  4. Pingback: My Attempt at Being a Teacher « Yachdus Meme

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s